Sheikh Bedreddin Tomb

Located on Venizelos Avenue, on the northern side of what was known as the Middle Cemetery of the Turks. Sheikh Bedreddin, son of the governor of Simavna, was executed at the Bedestan in Serres on 27 Ş, 819 (December 18, 1416). His tomb and the nearby Dervish Lodge became the centre of the Bedreddiniyye Mystical Order.Babinger says that when he visited Serres in 1927, he could not find anybody who would show him the location of Sheikh Bedrettin’s tomb. While walking on Venizelos Street, he recognized the tomb by chance due to its unique apperance. The tomb was almost hidden behind a row of shops. It was located at the old Turkish market, next to the courthouse. The 4 meter square structure was had a conical roof in the Seljuk style. The entrance to the graveyard was located at the southern front through a flat garden. Babinger clearly saw the marks of a broken inscription on the ornamented door. He knew of this inscription from Mehmed Tahir (Selânik Military Junior High School Director) from Bursa, who wrote this about this subject: “There is a wooden Dervish Lodge near the graveyard which has a mosque on the western side of Serres city. The Sheikh Bedreddin tomb was located very close to it. It was a stone structure which had a pyramid roof like the domes of the Seljuks.” Mehmed Tahir Bey could see an inscription neither at the graveyard nor on the door. Only the Hadith was carved on the marble ornament of the door: “If you encounter disasters in your life Consult the buried bodies (take them as your model).” Babinger writes that the Sheikh’s name is no longer mentioned by the inhabitants of Serres. The square where he was executed, near the Mosque and behind a Barber-shop is still there. Most important of all is that Mehmed Tahir Effendi said that he himself had seen the anecdote concerning Bedreddin at the Dervish Lodge in 1920. The inside of the Lodge had been used as a Blacksmith; it was dark, dirty and without any ornamentation. Some Greek and Turkish inhabitants of the area gave me very interesting information about the tomb. The Turkish man, İsmail Bey, said: “The Turkish people left the city with tears in their eyes during the exchange in 1924. Meanwhile, some Turkish Dervishes emerged. They wanted to exhume the Sheyh and take the bones with them. After the Governor’s approval, they exhumed the remains, which were placed in a metal chest with some of the soil and taken to İstanbul along with all of his books and handwritings.” According to the locals, the tomb and the gardens surrounding it had been in a state of decay for many years. The sanctuary was disrespected and misused in many ways (Kaftanzis, 1996, s.186- 187). The Sheikh’s remains were later reinterred in the Burial grounds at the Sultan II. Mahmud Tomb in Cağaloğlu, Istanbul. His graveyards can still be seen there. There are many records concerning the charitable foundations of the mosque. The charter of the tomb of the vakif, VGMA, is registered in the Atik Defter Nr: 179/0, p.0192, Line Nr: 1508 on 13 Ş, 1270 (May 11, 1854). The charter of the tomb, not inclusive of the Sheikh Bedreddin Effendi Dervish Lodge, of the vakif; VGMA, is registered in the Defter Nr: 179/0, p.0192, Line Nr: 1511 on 13 Ş, 1270 (May 11, 1854). The charitable foundation of the tomb known as the Mezarlık Dervish Lodge, VGMA, is registered in the Defter Nr: 725, p. 124, on 13 Ş, 1270 (May 11, 1854). The charitable foundation of the prayer hall of the Sheikh Bedreddin Dervish Lodge,VGMA, is registered in the Defter Nr: 725, p. 121, on 16 Za, 1099 (September 12, 1688). The charitable foundation of the cemetery, VGMA, is registered in the Atik Defter Nr: 725, p. 125, on 27 L, 1243 (May 12, 1828).
Previous Page
Next Page