Kozana was a settlement in the province of Manastır. It was also connected to Serfice. It became a borough in 1889 (Sezen, 2006, p.331). It came under Greek administration in 1913. During the population exchange, the refugees from Kozana were sent to Malatya, Turkey (İpek, 2000, p.42). The Ottoman Red Crescent association consigned aid commitees to Kozana according to a protocol that was signed on 5 September, 1923 with the Greek Government (Çanlı, 1994, p.51). The Ottoman Red Crescent association built a guest house that acommodated 1500 people (Çapa, 1988, p.246). The old names of the villages and towns were maintained until 1926, after which they were given Greek names (Valsamidis, 2003, p.256).

Certain Ottoman historical artifacts remain in Kozana: a minaret stands on Plateon Street but it can not be ascertained to which mosque it belonged. There is a millitary barracks and a clock tower, which is still used as the clock tower of the Saint Nicola Church. A single arch bridge exists in the village of Pirgi, which is Just north of Kozana in the Province of Vermiyo. During Ottoman times, Vermiyo was known as “Little Istanbul”. It was damaged by German forces during the Second World War.

There is a museum in the center of Kozana that houses a ‘Kozani Room’ which contains clothes, accessories and ceramics from the Ottoman times. This room has been enhanced after the inclusion of various pieces of furniture acquired from the Halkia and Polyzoulian families of Kozana and Anastasiadi and Panteli Tzonou families of Siatista.

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